MESA is utilising satellite and in situ Earth Observation (EO) data to support environmental management and security in Africa at continental, regional and national levels. The purpose is to increase capacity in information management, decision making and planning of African continental, regional and national institutions mandated for environment, climate and food security. This is being achieved by enhancing access to reliable, timely and accurate land, marine and climate data and information for Africa. MESA builds on the achievements of the AMESD (African Monitoring of the Environment for Sustainable Development) programme, and is a contribution to the GMES-Africa initiative of the EU-Africa Joint Strategy.
MESA is expected to result in the establishment of seven thematic actions to support and improve environmental management decision making. The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) has selected the thematic action (THEMA) “Marine and Coastal Management” implemented by the Mauritius Oceanography Institute (MOI). In Kenya, KMFRI is the Technical Focal Point. The EU in collaboration with the African Union (AU) and the Commission de l’Ocean Indien (IOC) funds the project. Two information services are being set-up by the MOI, the regional implementation centre for the IOC region:
- Marine Resources Management
- Monitoring of Coastal Environment
The Earth Observation and in-situ data provided by the MESA project can contribute to Kenya’s sustainable development by providing information, measurements and quantification of natural or artificial phenomena. The synoptic view provided by satellite imagery offers technologically the most appropriate method for quick and reliable mapping and monitoring of various natural resources, both in space and time. The station installed at KMFRI provides regular information about the biological and physical state of the ocean. This data includes sea surface temperatures and chlorophyll-a helping support fisheries management, and the coastal zone. The data available can help Kenyan scientists better understand the ocean.
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