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Caroline Wanjiru

Caroline Wanjiru

Caroline Wanjiru is a research scientist at KMFRI and currently on unpaid leave to pursue her doctorate studies. However, she is still involved in proposal development with the Mariculture team. Caroline was a member of the multi institutional team that developed the DOCS (Development of Cage Culture Systems) that is ongoing and funded by National Research Foundation (NRF). She was also involved in the development of the institutional proposal to NRF that was awarded for the development of the Shimoni marine hatchery. She also trained on Aquaculture technologies and principles at the WorldFish Center, Egypt in 2010.Caroline has also been involved in the development of community carbon projects in Gazi and Vanga. In both cases, she played a crucial role in the development and review of the Forest Management Plans (2013 and 2017). These two communities are currently involved in mangrove carbon projects. Caroline, together with others developed the Project Idea Note (PIN) and Project Development Document (PDD) for the Vanga community (2016- 2018). June 2011 - Jan 2015 she was the project coordinator of the Swahili seas project under which the Mikoko pamoja carbon project was developed. Caroline also coordinated the iCoast project on Climate compatible Development and Coastal Ecosystem Services of East Africa (CESEA). It is under these projects that the East African Forum for Payment for Ecosystem Services (EAFPES) which organised the first workshop on payment for ecosystem services for coastal areas in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region, was launched. In 2008, she was awarded the Alcoa Practitioner fellow by Alcoa foundation, where she designed and implemented a project titled ‘Sustainable aquaculture in mangrove areas of Mtwapa, Kenya’. Caroline was also a Principal investigator in the feasibility studies for silvo-aquaculture in the mangroves of Kenya. This research activity (2007 - 2008 was funded by Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA). Caroline has been involved in capacity building of BSc and MSc students from Kenyatta University (Mombasa campus), Technical University of Mombasa. She has also helped Masters Students from Edinburgh Napier and Bangor Universities (UK) design and implement their MSc projects in Kenya. Caroline is also interested in governance of natural resources and has been appointed to be a link between the mangrove carbon projects in Kenya and the international facilitators and sellers.

KMFRI Shimoni Centre
Fish nurseries in intertidal areas
Fish nurseries in intertidal areas

2015 - 2019: Doctoral student in Mangrove fisheries, School of Life sciences Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland.

2008-2011: MSc Hydrobiology (Aquaculture), University of Nairobi, Kenya.

1990 -1995: BSc. Zoology, University of Nairobi, Kenya


  1. Wanjiru, 2011: Partial economic analysis of semi intensive culture if Penaeus indicus in Mtwapa Kenya. MSc Thesis. School of Biological Sciences, University of Nairobi.
  2. Wanjiru, 2009: Challenges and lessons learnt in the culture of Indian Shrimp, Penaeus indicus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) in hapas inside fertilized ponds in Mtwapa creek, Kenya. A case study for the aquaculture compendium, SARNISSA (
  3. Wanjiru, 2009: Sustainable aquaculture in mangrove areas of  Kenya. Final report submitted to Alcoa Foundation, Institute of International Education. USA
  4. Wanjiru, 2008. Feasibility study of silvoaquaculture at Gazi bay Kenya. Final Technical Report. Submitted to WIOMSA, Zanzibar (
  5. Kairo, J. G. and C. Wanjiru, J. Ochiewo 2008.  Net Pay. Economic Analysis of mangrove reforestation in Kenya.  Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 28 (3): 395 – 414



  1. Kairo, Hamza, Wanjiru (2018). Mikoko Pamoja – a demonstrably effective community-based blue carbon project in Kenya Chapter 24 in: Windham-Myers, S. Crooks, and T. Troxler (eds.). A Blue Carbon Primer: The State of Coastal Wetland Carbon Science, Policy, and Practice. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  2. Nunan, F. and C. Wanjiru (2017) 'Enabling Climate Compatible Development in the coastal region of Kenya', in Nunan, F. (ed.)Making Climate Compatible Development Happen, London: Routledge
  1. Huxham, M, Brown, A D, Diele, K, Kathiresan, K, Nagelkerken, I and Wanjiru, C (2017)“Mangroves and Local Communities: what are local ecosystem services and how vulnerable are these to climate change" in:“Mangrove Ecosystems: A Global Biogeographic Perspective Structure, Function and Services”. Springer



  1. Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)
  2. Member of Sustainable Aquaculture Research Networks in Sub Saharan Africa (SARNISSA)