James Kairo


• Leader of blue carbon unit at KMFRI

• Coordinator, Gazi Field Station

• Project Developer, Mikoko Pamoja, a small scale blue carbon project, Gazi bay

• Consultant, mangrove silviculture and management
• Life Member, Kenya Forest Society

• Fellow: Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association,

• Member - Blue Carbon Working Group,

• Technical advisor: Africa Mangrove Network

• Member, IUCN Mangrove Specialist Group

• Practitioner Fellow – WWF

• Operation Director – IOI-Eastern Africa
• PhD (VUB, Belgium), Marine Resources Management

• MSc (UoN, Kenya). Plant Biology

• BSc (UoN, Kenya). Plant Biology
• Dr. KAIRO, is a certified marine ecologist and a Chief Scientist with KMFRI, where he heads a dedicated team dedicated to mangrove research. His broad research interests are; marine biodiversity and ecosystem functions, sustainable development, restoration ecology, blue carbon, climate change. Dr. Kairo has authored and co-authored more than 80 scientific publication.
• Githaiga M., Gilpin L., Kairo J. and Huxham M. (2016) Biomass and productivity of seagrasses in Africa. Botanica marina, 59(2-3): 173-186

• Gress S., Huxham M., Kairo J., Mugi L. and Briers R. (2016) Evaluating, predicting and mapping belowground carbon stores in Kenyan mangroves. Global Change Biology

• Huxham, M. L. Emerton, J. Kairo, F., Munyi, H. Abdirizak, T. Muriuki, F., Nunan, R. A. Briers, 2015, Applying Climate Compatible Development and economic valuation to coastal management: A case study of Kenya's mangrove forests. Journal of Environmental Management. 157: 168–181

• Bosire, J. O; J. J. Kaino, A. O. Olagoke, L. M. Mwihaki, G. M. Ogendi, J. G. Kairo, U. Berger, & D. Macharia, 2014. Mangroves in peril: unprecedented degradation rates of peri-urban mangroves in Kenya. Biogeosciences 05/2014; 11:2623–2634.

• Di Nitto, D.; G. Neukermans, N. Koedam, H. Defever, F. Pattyn, J. G. Kairo, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, 2014. Mangroves facing climate change: landward migration potential in response to projected scenarios of sea level rise. Biogeosciences 02/2014; 11(857-871).

• Lang’at JKS, Kirui BKY, Skov MW, Kairo JG, Mencuccini M, Huxham M. (2012). Species mixing boosts root production of mangrove trees. Oecologia, DOI 10.1007/s00442-012-2490-x

• Kirui, K.B., J. G. Kairo, J. Bosire, K. M. Viegever, S. Rudra, M. Huxham, R. A. Briers, 2012. Mapping of mangrove forest land cover change along the Kenya coastline using Landsat imagery, Ocean & Coastal Management (2012), doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.12.004

• Kairo, J. G.; J. Bosire, J. Langat, B. Kirui, and N. Koedam, 2009. Allometry and biomass distribution in replanted mangrove plantations at Gazi Bay, Kenya. Aquatic Conserv: Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.1046
• The Moran of the Order of the Burning Spear (MBS): Conferred on 12th Dec. 2010; by His Excellency Mwai Kibaki, President of the Republic of Kenya, in recognition of the distinguished services I have rendered to my Country in the areas of marine conservation

• National Heroic Award: Awarded by Kenya’s Ministry of Fishery Development, on the Occasion to mark World Ocean Day, Mombasa. The award was in recognition of my contribution in the advancement of mangrove conservation in Kenya.

• WIOMSA Fellowship Award: Awarded by the Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association WIOMSA) in recognition of my contribution to the advancement of marine science in the region (visit: www.wiomsa.org for details of the award and nomination)

• WWF-Practitioner Fellow: Awarded by Alcoa Foundation’s Conservation and Sustainability Program to undertake research on productivity of replanted mangrove forests in Kenya (see web for details of nomination: www.iie.org/programs/practitionerfellows)

• International Cooperation Prize - Awarded by the Belgian government in recognition of the relevance of my work in promoting international development cooperation and sustainable development (see web for details of nomination: http://www.devcoprize.africamuseum.be/en/laurea02/00r1.htm)

Contact Info

Gazi Field Station, Mombasa
James Kairo
Oceanography and Hydrography
Mangroves silviculture


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