Munene Mukaraku : Corporate Communication Officer 28th November 2016


The expedition will be sponsored by;

  1. Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and
  2. Intergovernmental Commission IOC-UNESCO group V covering Indian Ocean and the Middle East.

Other support;

  • Integrated Marine Biochemistry and Ecosystem Research (IMBER).
  • Sustained Indian Ocean Biochemistry and Ecosystem Research (SIBER).
  • Indian Ocean Global Ocean Observing System (IOGOOS).

This will be second generation cruise following the IIOE 1 which took place in 1965. The focus was;

  • Potential for marine fisheries in addressing protein deficiency in the region.
  • Role of Indian Ocean monsoon and its effects on agriculture.
  • Determine 

The objectives for IIOE-2 is based on five drivers namely;

  • Provide answers to important scientific questions in the marine ecosystem.
  • societal impacts on marine environment viz;
  • Population increase.
  • Human impacts.
  • Monsoonal variations and their effects 

The planning phase will be completed by March 2017 and it will be guided by National Plans of the countries in the region. It will involve sharing of capacity and infrastructure. The objective will be to address;

  • Environmental issues and
  • Coastal biodiversity. 

The Motivation will be;

  • Geologic
  • Oceanic and
  • Atmospheric processes. 

It will also determine how the above dynamics affect;

  • climate, marine biogeochemical cycles, ecosystems and fisheries regionally and globally. 

It will also help predict impacts of;

  • Climate change and
  • Pollution and increased fish harvesting in the Indian Ocean. 

The IIOE-2 will also build on the Western Indian Ocean Upwelling Research Initiative ( WIOURI ).

Its  focus is;

  • Boundary current dynamics.
  • Upwelling variability and
  • Ecosystem impacts. 

The investigations will look at;

  • Upwelling in the East African Coastal Current (EACC ) and Somali Current ( SC ).
  • Interaction and influence of the two currents on North Kenyan Banks and their influence on productivity and fisheries. 

The platforms to be used for this expedition will be;

  1. Rv Mtafiti to cover Kenyan and Tanzanian waters.
  2. New RV Dr, Fridtjof Nansen to cover Southern Africa and Island states.
  3. Ship from Department of Environmental Sciences of South Africa to cover Southern Africa and island states. 

The three vessels will work simultaneously in their respective assigned blocks and the data/information generated will be used to implement the respective  National Plans. 


  • Young Scientists in Research Institutions in the region
  • Young scientists in the universities in the region offering studies in marine sciences. 

The expedition will be preceded by a two weeks training for the participants at the Department of Environmental Sciences of  South Africa in Cape Town.